Common Causes Of Gum Disease You Need To Know

It is pretty vital to keep your gums in good condition. Gingivitis is a form of early-stage periodontal disease in which the gums become inflamed, red, and bleed, and teeth become loose. Gingivitis may progress to periodontal disease if left untreated.

Small changes in our dental hygiene habits might quickly add up to produce severe oral health complications. If you want to learn about the causes of gum disease, continue reading this blog post. We’ll go over all of the causes and complications of gum disease and how you can prevent them.

What Exactly Is Gum Disease?

Periodontitis, commonly known as gum disease or periodontal disease, is a bacterial infection that can cause tooth loss if left untreated. The inner layer of gum and bone peels away from the teeth, causing pockets. Between-tooth pockets can collect debris and become infected. The immune system fights germs as plaque spreads and grows below the gum line.

Also, gingivitis generally precedes periodontitis. Gingivitis doesn’t always lead to periodontitis. If left untreated, it might lead to more serious oral disorders. Gingivitis occurs when plaque bacteria accumulate on the teeth, causing gum inflammation and bleeding when brushed. While the gums may be swollen, the teeth remain secure in their sockets. It is unknown if irreversible bone or tissue damage has occurred.

What Causes Gum Disease?

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Our mouths are brimming with microbes. In addition to mucus and other particles, these bacteria produce plaque on teeth that continually forms. Plaque can be removed from the teeth by regular brushing and flossing. Plaque that is not removed can harden and produce tartar which is difficult to remove with a brush. Tartar can only be removed by a professional cleaning performed by a dentist or dental hygienist.

Gum disease can be caused for various reasons, the most major of which is smoking. Cigarette smoking can also reduce the effectiveness of gum disease treatment. Diabetes, female hormonal changes, diabetes-related drugs, certain illnesses such as AIDS and its medications, genetic vulnerability, and some medications that reduce saliva flow are among the others.

Who Is at Risk of Developing Gum Disease?


Several factors contribute to the development and progression of periodontal disease. People who are smokers are at risk of developing gum diseases. Tobacco smoking appears to be one of the most significant risk factors for periodontal disease development and progression.

Patients who have unhealthy diets are also prone to gum disease. A diet lacking essential nutrients can impair the immune system, making infection and disease more difficult to resist. Because periodontal disease is caused by infection, an inadequate diet can worsen the condition of your gums. Obesity may also raise the risk of periodontal disease.

People prone to stress have a high risk of developing gum diseases. Stress has been linked to severe illnesses like hypertension and cancer. Stress is linked to periodontal disease. According to the study, stress can hinder the body’s ability to fight infections, particularly periodontal disorders.

Lastly, patients on medications like oral contraceptives, antidepressants, and cardiac medications might have impaired oral health. Much like you tell your pharmacist and other healthcare professionals about your medications and any changes in your health, you should also tell your periodontist about any changes in your health.

How Is Gum Disease Diagnosed?


When oral health professionals do a periodontal examination during dental checkups, they will assess the condition of your dental health and check if you have periodontal disease. This type of examination should always be performed as part of your regular dental examination.

It is necessary to gently measure the space between the teeth and the gums using a periodontal probe. A healthy sulcus has a depth of three millimetres or less and does not bleed when opened. The periodontal probe is used to determine whether pockets are deeper than three millimetres in depth. Typically, as the periodontal disease worsens, the pockets in the teeth become deeper in size.

How to Prevent Gum Disease


In nearly all cases, gingivitis can be reversed, and gum disease can be prevented from worsening if you maintain your oral hygiene. Good oral hygiene can decrease the risk of gum disease. Plaque control requires professional cleaning at least twice a year and daily brushing and flossing. 

Brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Replace your toothbrush every three months or sooner if the bristles are frayed. Old, worn-out toothbrushes are less effective in cleaning teeth. Brushing your teeth regularly removes plaque from the surfaces that can be reached. It is also recommended to floss daily. Food particles and plaque are removed from the mouth by flossing between the teeth and under the gum line. Daily flossing removes plaque from hard-to-reach spots that your toothbrush can’t reach.

Antibacterial mouthwash can also prevent gingivitis and fight bad breath and plaque accumulation. Antibacterial rinses can help eradicate germs that cause plaque and gum disease in the mouth. Consult your dentist to determine which mouthwash is most effective for you.

Avoid eating junk foods, starchy foods, and sugary foods to avoid tooth decay. Maintaining a well-balanced diet can provide extra care to your dental health. 

A deep cleaning may also be recommended by a dental professional during your regular checkups. The risk factors of gum diseases, oral hygiene practices, recommendation of a balanced diet, and ways to keep gums healthy must also be explained during the dental exam. In this way, the patient may prevent dental disease, oral diseases, severe gum disease, and other links between gum disease.

Possible Complications of Gum Disease


When a person is healthy, gingivitis does not pose a substantial threat to their health, but it can lead to sickness and produce local or systemic complications that can be life-threatening. It is possible that if you have gingivitis and do not have the plaque or tartar removed from your teeth, the condition will worsen and eventually lead to periodontitis, which is a more severe condition.

If you do not treat periodontitis, a condition in which the tissue that supports the teeth is compromised, you may experience more issues. The most prevalent complication of chronic gingivitis is the development of periodontal disease, which can result in tooth loss. Affected areas of chronic gingivitis may predispose a person to the formation of odontogenic abscesses because they provide a pathway for bacterial invasion into the periodontal space from the gingival pocket. There is also the possibility of infection spreading throughout the body.

Endocarditis can also occur due to any dental operation that includes manipulation that results in bleeding. The presence of gingivitis enhances this risk by increasing the likelihood that the gingiva will bleed when a simple manipulation is performed. Due to the proximity of the areas of disrupted gingiva to the bacteria carrying plaque deposition in the periodontal pockets, it is more likely that germs will escape into the general circulation.

What Is the Treatment for Gum Disease?

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Less severe cases of gum disease may be treated with antibiotics. On the other hand, the treatment of gum disease that has a more complicated condition requires surgical procedures. Here are some examples of treatments for gum disease.

Non-Surgical Treatment

  • Scaling and Planing:
    Plaque and tartar are scraped from above and below the gum line (scaling), and rough spots on the tooth root are polished (planing). Uneven surfaces are cleaned by plaque-killing and gum-reattachment smoothing. Scaling and root planing remove plaque and tartar beneath the gums.

  • Routine Cleaning:
    Plaque and tartar are removed from above and below the gum line of all teeth during routine cleaning. Patients with gum disease may need more frequent dental cleanings.

Treatments for Gum Surgery

  • Grafts:
    Your bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone is replaced in this treatment. To restore tooth stability, bone transplants are used.

  • Reducing flaps or pockets:
    This method lifts the gums and tartar. In some cases, a shattered bone is polished to remove bacteria. It is then time to trim the gums. This procedure narrows the gap between the gums and the teeth, reducing the growth of harmful bacteria and the likelihood of periodontal serious health problems.

The Advantages of Treating Gum Disease

Periodontal therapy has several advantages. Some of them are as follows:

  • Prevention of oral and dental diseases:
    Your oral health can provide a wealth of information about your overall health. Periodontal therapy allows your dentist to detect any potential health issues that may be present. If germs are not treated promptly, they may enter your bloodstream and cause damage to other body organs, such as your liver and kidney. These diseases can be avoided through the use of gum treatment.

  • Beautiful Smile:
    Because they frame the contours of your teeth, your gums play a pretty crucial role in the appearance of your smile. Gum disease can cause your gums to bleed and swell, making you feel self-conscious about your smile. The good news is that with periodontal therapy, your gums will remain clean and in alignment with your teeth, which will enhance your smile. Apart from that, periodontal therapy involves cleaning your teeth to reduce discoloration.

  • Pain Relief:
    Because of the bleeding, infected gums can become tender, irritated, and painful. Because of this, it might make you feel uncomfortable even when you are brushing or flossing your teeth, which can further aggravate your situation. These gum disease symptoms may be relieved by periodontal therapy.

  • Fresh breath:
    It is possible to develop gum disease if you have bad breath. It is caused by a lack of good dental hygiene, which results in the accumulation of plaque and tartar below your gumline. When you receive periodontal therapy, your bad breath will be reduced, and you will have fresh breath.

How Often Should You Visit Your Dentist if You Have Gum Disease?

Because gum diseases are usually painless, regular dental examinations are required to discover them early on in the disease. When it comes to maintaining good oral health, most people with healthy teeth and gums require a periodontal disease examination every six months, which is performed simultaneously with their routine dental appointment. However, because the suggested frequency is dependent on your tooth and periodontal health, you should consult with your dentist to determine when you should return for your next checkup.

Final Thoughts

Gingivitis occurs when plaque bacteria accumulate on the teeth, causing gum inflammation and bleeding when brushed. While the gums may be swollen, the teeth remain secure in their sockets. Regular brushing, flossing, and dental cleanings can help prevent or reverse gum disease.

If you want to know more about gum diseases, visit our dental clinic, Peel Dental Studio. Our highly trained dentists will assess your health conditions while providing high-quality dental services. Peel Dental Studio is dedicated to providing you with excellent service and outcomes that exceed your expectations at every turn. Our team of highly trained specialists will provide you with the best possible care while making each visit as comfortable and relaxing as possible. 

If you want to book an appointment, contact us at 08 9535 4900 or visit our clinic located at 150 Pinjarra Road, Mandurah, WA 6210.


Disclaimer: Use At Your Own Risk:- The information on this website is for general information purposes only. Nothing on this site should be taken as advice for any individual case or situation. Any action you take upon the information on these blogs is strictly at your own risk. We will not be liable for any losses or damages in connection with the use of the information from these blogs.


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Peel Dental Studio

Dr. Bailey formerly served on the Australian Dental Association as President, Vice President Treasurer and Country Councillor. He was on the Australian Dental Association Federal Council and has always been keen to give back to the profession that has been his life. He has tutored student dentists at the Oral Health Centre in Perth.