Everything You Need To Know About Wisdom Teeth Removal

Do you have a severe toothache because of your impacted wisdom tooth? We have good news for you! You can ease your pain by considering wisdom tooth removal. This dental procedure will remove the wisdom teeth that are still growing in your mouth. Third molars (wisdom teeth) can grow in the wrong direction and hurt your other teeth.

Some people don’t deal with the fact that they have impacted wisdom teeth, which can cause a lot of problems. If this happens to you, your dentist will most likely recommend that you have them removed through wisdom tooth extraction. Continue reading this blog post to learn more about wisdom teeth extraction.

What Are Wisdom Teeth?

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Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last teeth to appear and develop towards the back of the mouth. However, because there isn’t much room at the back of your mouth, your wisdom teeth may erupt at a complicated angle.

Wisdom teeth that have become impacted might cause a variety of dental issues. Because they’re difficult to clean, they might become infected and cause harm to the surrounding teeth. This can lead to tooth crowding and dental decay. 

A wisdom tooth extraction is a dental treatment that involves the removal of one or more wisdom teeth, which are the four permanent adult teeth positioned in the top and bottom corners of your mouth. If it’s causing severe pain, infection, or other dental problems, it may need to be removed or else it will cause complications. 

When Do Wisdom Teeth Emerge?

Wisdom teeth often appear between the ages of 17 and 25. In some cases, they usually erupt and line up with the teeth behind their second molars. However, the mouth is too crowded for third molars to form fully. That’s why there is a high possibility that these third set of teeth might get impacted.

Erupting wisdom teeth can be painful because of the pressure sensation in the area. They

 can cause inflammation, swelling, and sensitivity in the gum tissue around your gums. 

Signs That Your Wisdom Teeth Are Emerging

Our dental team can check if your wisdom teeth are already emerging through a dental X-ray since it captures detailed images of all of your teeth and jaw. Dental x-rays can reveal where the wisdom tooth is located within your mouth. 

You can also tell if your wisdom teeth are coming in if you have unpleasant symptoms like the following:

Jaw pain

Although the initial symptom of wisdom tooth pain is likely to be in the mouth, it might extend throughout the jaw. This is because wisdom teeth push other teeth out of the way to make room for them. Because your whole mouth is shifting to create a room, this can cause pain and swelling in your jaw and other places in your mouth.

A bad taste or bad breath 

A tooth that grows awkwardly can cause pockets to form at the back of the mouth during the eruption of wisdom teeth. These pockets are difficult to reach with a regular toothbrush, in which bacteria can become trapped. As a result, germs can quickly accumulate and might result in a sour taste or unpleasant breath.

Gum irritation 

Most individuals have had gum irritation at some point in their lives, but if it’s towards the back of your mouth, it might be due to your wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth do not always grow smoothly, which can cause minor soreness and gum irritation. You should visit your dentist for a proper assessment to avoid further complications.

Difficulty in opening your mouth

It may be difficult to open your mouth if you have throbbing pain or pressure in the back of your mouth. These extra wisdom teeth can cause a dull ache or pain that can be felt while chewing and talking.

Headaches 

Wisdom teeth that become misplaced may exert greater pressure and tension on your teeth, jawline, and sinuses, which can cause persistent headaches. This can also cause discomfort, stiffness, and pain.

Tiny White Specks 

The appearance of tiny white specks below your second molars indicates that your wisdom teeth are beginning to emerge. The white specks represent the tops of your newly erupted teeth, which have broken through the gum line.

Common Reasons Why Wisdom Teeth Removal Is Done

Severe Toothaches

When a wisdom tooth becomes impacted, it can produce an intense toothache that can interfere with your everyday activities. It is possible to lessen the pain you are having by having your impacted wisdom teeth pulled out.

Inflamed Gums

Wisdom teeth can cause swollen gums when they start to emerge. When this happens, food and bacteria can be trapped in this area. It can become difficult to clean around the teeth if the surrounding gum becomes hard and inflamed. 

Dental Infection

Wisdom teeth are more vulnerable to dental infections because it is more difficult to keep the area clean because of its location. This can lead to infections such as periodontal pockets.

Maintain Good Oral Health

Since impacted wisdom teeth are harder to clean, you may have plaque accumulation and dental cavities. Having your wisdom teeth removed allows you to clean your other teeth more effectively.

What Are the Problems With Impacted Wisdom Teeth?

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Complications with wisdom teeth can cause several problems in the mouth like the following:

  • Toothaches. Some wisdom teeth don’t usually hurt. But when they come out at the wrong angle, they might put too much pressure on the teeth beside them, causing pain.
  • Overcrowding of teeth. Impacted wisdom teeth can cause crowding of other teeth, requiring orthodontic treatment. Fortunately, orthodontic treatments can help molars move into better positions, but if the impacted teeth do not erupt into the available space, more dental procedures may be required.
  • Damage to a nearby tooth or surrounding bone. If the wisdom teeth put pressure on the second molar, your nearby teeth may be damaged and get infected. 
  • Development of cysts around the wisdom tooth. If you have an impacted wisdom tooth, there is a chance of cyst development within the jawbone. First, a sac can fill up with fluid and create a cyst, which can cause damage to the jawbone, teeth, and nerves. 
  • Tooth decay in a partially erupted wisdom tooth. Molar teeth that are partially impacted appear to have a greater risk of tooth decay than normal teeth. This is most likely because it is hard to clean your wisdom teeth. Food and germs can get stuck between the gum and a partially erupted tooth.
  • Infection or gum disease (periodontal disease). Because it’s tough to clean partially erupted wisdom teeth, you’re more likely to develop painful, inflammatory gum infections in the area.

What To Expect During The Wisdom Teeth Removal Procedure

  • Your dentist will take an X-ray of your mouth to help determine the condition of your teeth. They will explain any charges and payment methods before the procedure begins.
  • Your dentist will give you a local anesthetic injection to numb the tooth and surrounding area before the procedure. Anesthesia options may be recommended for removing wisdom teeth. 
  • During wisdom tooth removal, if the dentist cannot access the tooth through its natural opening, an incision will be needed. You’ll feel some pressure immediately before the tooth is extracted because your dentist will need to enlarge the tooth socket by rolling the tooth back and forth before removing it. If the tooth is aligned awkwardly, the dentist might cut it into smaller pieces to make it simpler to remove the tooth from the aperture.
  • After the procedure, stitches are used to seal the gums. Your dentist may place gauze over the extraction site and instruct you to bite your jaws together for an hour to keep pressure on them. This lets a blood clot form in the empty tooth socket and helps keep blood clots from moving.

Is There Any Potential Risk With Wisdom Teeth Removal?

Wisdom tooth removal surgery is often recommended if your wisdom tooth is impacted to prevent potential problems. If you don’t take care of your impacted wisdom tooth for a long time, you may encounter some dental problems.

Here are some examples of potential risk with wisdom teeth removal:

Paresthesia

Paresthesia is a rare side effect of wisdom tooth extraction. The wisdom teeth in the jawbone are close to nerves. It might be bruised or injured during the tooth extraction process. This can cause a less common side effect of numbness of the tongue, lip, or chin that can continue for a few days, weeks, months, or even years.

Dry Socket (Alveolar Osteitis)

A dry socket is a rare but serious complication after wisdom tooth removal. If the blood does not properly clot around the socket, it will leave the nerves and bone exposed to air and food particles, which causes painful inflammation. 

If a dry socket develops, it can take up to two weeks to heal and may require medicated dressings to aid in the healing process. People who smoke or have poor oral hygiene habits are more prone to developing this issue.

Trismus

When wisdom teeth are removed, it is common to experience tightness and pain when opening the jaw. It should, however, fade away as the extraction site heals. Trismus, often known as lockjaw, occurs when the muscles in the jaw spasm. 

Postoperative Infections

Dentists always take precautions to avoid bacteria entering the mouth. However, every dental procedure has its own risks. There is a possibility that some bacteria may enter the bloodstream and cause infection. 

If you have fever, pain, swelling, or redness in the first month after having your wisdom teeth removed, you should come to our dental clinic as soon as possible.

Adverse Reactions to Anesthesia

Although anesthesia-related adverse events are relatively rare, they do occur. People who are allergic to anesthetics should talk to their dentist or oral surgeon before having their teeth pulled.

Fractured Jaw

Many complications can arise following a tooth extraction, but a fracture below your lower jaw is one of the rarest. This happens most often in pre-angular regions where there’s been lots of damage to other teeth before the dentist extracted them.

The Do’s and Don’ts After Wisdom Teeth Removal

Recovering from a dental procedure is an essential part of the treatment. Our dental team wants to make sure it happens as quickly as possible. As a result, we’ve put up a list of wisdom tooth extraction dos and don’ts.

Do’s:

  • Rest. Adequate rest, especially right after the dental procedure, is essential to speed up recovery. 
  • Elevate your head. Raising your head on a pillow when you’re sleeping can help in your recovery process. Elevating your head can reduce swelling.
  • Use an ice pack for the first 24-48 hours after the extraction. Using ice packs will help you feel better by reducing swelling and discomfort. For 1-2 hours, apply the ice packs every 15 minutes.
  • Bite on cotton gauze. The gauze pad placed over the extraction site should be left in place for an hour following the surgery. The gauze pad should be removed and disposed of properly. If the bleeding continues, bite on another piece of gauze for the same amount of time. This will put pressure on the area, which will allow a clot to form on the spot where the tooth was removed.
  • Keep it clean. Gargle with a salt-water solution once a day.
  • Consume soft foods for a few days. You may eat soup and soft meals like mashed potatoes, yoghurt, milkshakes, and smoothies. 
  • Eat on the other side. It’s critical not to disrupt your gum’s wound as it heals.
  • Do jaw exercises. Opening and shutting your mouth can help your jaw function more quickly, but you should not do it just after your extraction.
  • Take your medicines as prescribed. Over-the-counter pain relievers will help you ease the pain.
  • Avoid brushing the extraction site. Brushing the extraction site on the same day of your tooth extraction should be avoided. You can only brush your teeth normally after 2-3 days of your wisdom tooth removal surgery.

Don’ts:

  • Avoid using straws. Avoiding sucking and spitting your saliva can help in maintaining the blood clot that forms over the extraction region. If the clot becomes dislodged, you may experience more bleeding and pain that can cause side effects like “dry sockets.”
  • Avoid smoking and consuming alcoholic beverages. Nicotine and alcoholic beverages may delay your healing period.       
  • Avoid strenuous activity – You may feel normal after the procedure, but avoid doing exercises or strenuous activity for at least 24 hours.
  • Don’t eat, drink, or talk immediately after your surgery. You must rest for a few hours after the wisdom tooth removal procedure to avoid infecting the area. 
  • Stay away from solid foods. By avoiding hard and chewy foods, you can help keep the blood clot that develops over the extraction site intact. If the clot becomes dislodged, you may experience further bleeding and discomfort.
  • Don’t ever take aspirin. It’s a blood thinner that slows the production of clots.
  • Stop using ice packs after the first 48 hours after your wisdom teeth extraction. After the first 48 hours, you should no longer apply ice packs near your wisdom teeth. 
  • Hot food should be avoided. – Allow your hot drinks to cool down before drinking them since hot meals and beverages may induce swelling, slow the healing process, and cause the clot to dislodge, resulting in a dry socket.
  • Don’t poke into the extraction site. It may slow down the healing process and result in bleeding.
  • Don’t rinse your mouth too strenuously. The pressure may dislodge the blood clot, leading to complications.

If you follow the dentist’s advice after your wisdom teeth are removed, you don’t have to worry about any side effects. Just make sure to follow our aftercare instructions to avoid complications during your healing period. 

Usually, you will be able to return to school or work after 3–7 days and gradually resume your normal activities.

What Happens After Wisdom Teeth Removal?

Days after wisdom teeth surgery, you may experience minor discomfort and sensitivity. In general, these symptoms should decrease in severity over time as you heal from the dental procedure. 

However, there is always a chance that they won’t go away completely. In that case, call your dentist or oral surgeon if needed. 

Here are the things that might happen after wisdom teeth removal:

  • Halting of strenuous activities. Plan to rest for the rest of the day following your procedure. The next day, you can go back to your normal activities, but you should avoid strenuous exercise for at least a week to keep the blood clot from coming out of the socket.
  • Pain and swelling in the gums and at extraction sites. The tooth removal process is traumatic for the gum tissue of the mouth. Over-the-counter pain relievers might help minimise discomfort and swelling throughout the healing process.
  • Difficulty opening the jaw. Since your mouth has been open for a long time, you may feel difficulty in opening your jaw after the procedure. 
  • Light to moderate bleeding for 24 hours. You may experience minimal bleeding during the procedure. However, you don’t have to worry, since our dental team will provide instructions on how to take care of the extraction site. 

Finally, you may also need to talk with someone who can drive you home after the procedure. 

How Long Does It Take To Recover From Wisdom Tooth Extraction?

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Recovery from wisdom teeth takes three to four days, depending on the patient’s dental hygiene habits. If your teeth were impacted or grew at an awkward angle, it might take up to a week to heal.

Moreover, there is a risk of infection after surgery because of the wound left behind after the procedure. To speed up the healing process and avoid these kinds of problems, follow your dentist’s aftercare instructions properly.

What Are the Foods To Eat After Wisdom Teeth Removal?

To avoid complications, eat soft meals for a few days after having your wisdom teeth extracted. Soft foods are advised, such as mashed bananas, yoghurt, soft scrambled eggs, tomato soup, pumpkin soup, avocado, fruit smoothies, and oatmeal. Since they can get lodged in the extraction site, soft drinks, caffeinated beverages, chewier foods, alcohol, spicy foods, and brittle or crunchy foods should all be avoided. 

What Is A “Dry Socket”?

A dry socket (alveolar osteitis) occurs when the blood clot at the tooth extraction site fails to form or dislodges before the wound heals after the tooth is pulled. This blood clot is a protective covering over the underlying bone and nerve. In the future, it will be used as a base for bone and soft tissue growth above the clot.

How Much Is the Average Cost Of Wisdom Teeth Removal?

The cost of wisdom tooth removal may vary depending on the complexity of your treatment. Wisdom tooth extraction is generally considered a simple procedure that requires local anesthesia. 

In some cases where jaw damage is more severe, dental x-rays, general anaesthesia, or CT scans may be needed. Such additional procedures considerably increase the wisdom tooth extraction cost. Surgical removal of a wisdom tooth in Western Australia can cost up to $388–$452.

Does My Dental Insurance Cover the Cost of Wisdom Teeth Removal?

Many dental insurance policies cover wisdom tooth extractions, but it will still depend on your dental plan. Your dentist will provide you with a cost estimate for your treatment plan based on your condition. After that, your dental insurance can confirm whether or not they will pay for the costs.

If the cost of wisdom teeth extraction concerns you, our dental experts can work out a payment plan that works for you. You may not want to go through with the wisdom tooth extraction because of the cost, but it will help you avoid dental problems in the future.

Final Thoughts

Although wisdom tooth removal can be frightening, it is necessary to avoid problems with your oral health. This dental procedure can also prevent further complications and ease the discomfort you’re feeling. Before the wisdom tooth extraction procedure, we will assess your condition and figure out what kind of treatment is best for you. 

At Peel Dental Studio, we can provide you with a comfortable and relaxing atmosphere during your wisdom teeth removal surgery. Our goal is to provide you with affordable dental services for your dental needs. Our priority is to maintain your oral health.

Call us today at 08 9535 4900 for more information on wisdom tooth extraction. Our friendly team will answer any questions that you may have.

Dr. Ross Bailey

https://peeldentalstudio.com.au

Dr Bailey currently serves on the Australian Dental Association as immediate Past President, and before this has held office as President, Treasurer and Country Councillor. He is on the Australian Dental Association Federal Council and has always been keen to give back to the profession that has been his life. He has tutored young dentists at the Oral Health Centre in Perth, which he has held for over 20 years.

Covid Update from Peel Dental Studio

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Our dental staff are well informed on how to best keep you and ourselves safe amidst the situation.

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