Gum Disease: Everything You Need To Know

Although you brush twice a day and use mouthwash occasionally, you may believe that you are doing an excellent job of caring for your teeth. Unfortunately, you are still at risk of getting gum disease.

Most of the time, the decisions you make daily contribute to periodontal disease. You may have started skipping brushing in the morning because you were in a rush to get out the door, or you may have started skipping brushing at night because you were exhausted. Small changes in our oral hygiene practises can soon accumulate and cause significant concerns for our oral health.

If you want to know more about gum disease, keep reading this blog post. We will discuss all gum diseases and how they can help you maintain excellent oral and dental health.

What Exactly Is Gum Disease?

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Periodontitis, which is also known as gum disease or periodontal disease, is a disease that begins with bacterial development in your mouth and can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. It is a condition in which the inner layer of the gum and bone pulls away from the teeth, resulting in pockets being formed. These small areas between teeth and gums can accumulate debris and get inflamed. During the process of plaque spreading and growing below the gum line, the body’s immune system fights the bacteria.

Moreover, gingivitis (gum inflammation) is a condition that usually occurs before periodontitis (gum disease). Not all cases of gingivitis progress to periodontitis. However, if left untreated, it might progress to more severe issues with your mouth. The good news is that you can prevent or even reverse gum disease by brushing and flossing your teeth regularly, as well as scheduling regular dental cleanings and checkups.

Gingivitis is a condition in which bacteria in plaque accumulate on the teeth, causing the gums to become inflamed and prone to bleeding when the teeth are brushed. However, even though the gums may be inflamed, the teeth remain firmly planted in their sockets. It is not known whether any irreversible bone or other tissue damage has occurred at this point.

When you don’t brush, floss, or rinse with mouthwash, a sticky film of germs and food known as plaque forms around your teeth and causes them to get stained. The gunk releases acids that attack the outer shell of your teeth, known as the enamel, and cause tooth decay. Tartar accumulates along the gum line after 72 hours and makes it difficult to clean your teeth and gums thoroughly. Tartar is formed when plaque hardens and becomes tartar. Gingivitis is a condition in which your gums become inflamed and irritated due to plaque accumulation.

Possible Causes of Gum Disease 

Gum disease is mainly caused by plaque buildup. Other factors, however, can have a role in the development of periodontal disease. These are some examples:

  • Poor oral hygiene. Gingivitis is more likely to develop if you have poor oral hygiene habits, such as not brushing and flossing daily. Cigarette smoking, for example, makes it more difficult for gum tissue to heal itself.

  • Gingivitis can be caused by a family history of dental disease, which can contribute to its development.

  • Systemic Illnesses can have an impact on the health of your gums. This includes disorders such as cancer and HIV that interfere with the immune system’s ability to fight against infection. Because diabetes impairs the body’s ability to use glucose, people who have the disease are at an increased risk of developing infections in their mouths, such as periodontal disease and cavities.

  • Gestation, puberty, menopause, and monthly menstruation are examples of hormonal changes that make gums more sensitive, making gingivitis more likely to occur.

  • Because some medications reduce the flow of saliva, which has a protective effect on the teeth and gums, they can impact oral health. Several medications, such as the anticonvulsant prescription Dilantin and the angina medications Procardia and Adalat, are associated with aberrant gum tissue development.

Common Causes Of Gum Disease

Periodontal disease can be caused by a range of risk factors, which can contribute to the disease’s development and progression. It’s critical to discuss any potential risk factors with your periodontist so that they may adequately identify your illness and develop an appropriate treatment strategy.

  • Tobacco Use and Smoking
    The use of tobacco is associated with various serious ailments, including cancer, lung disease, and heart disease, in addition to various other health concerns. Tobacco smokers are also at a higher risk of developing periodontal disease. According to recent research findings, the use of tobacco appears to be one of the most significant risk factors for the development and progression of periodontal disease.

  • Obesity or a lack of nutrition
    A diet deficient in essential nutrients can weaken the body’s immune system, making it more difficult for the body to fight infection and disease. Because an infection causes periodontal disease, poor nutrition can aggravate the state of your gums and make them worse. Furthermore, research has revealed that obesity may increase the risk of developing periodontal disease.

  • Clenching or grinding your teeth 
    Clenching or grinding your teeth can cause excessive force to be applied to the periodontal tissues that support your teeth, thereby speeding up the rate at which these tissues are lost to decay.

  • Stress
    Stress has been linked to various severe conditions, including hypertension, cancer, and various other health issues. Stress is also associated with the development of periodontal disease. Stress, according to research, can make it more difficult for the body to fight infections, including periodontal diseases, when they occur.

  • Medications
    The oral health of some people can be affected by medications such as oral contraceptives, anti-depressants, and certain heart medications. In the same way that you notify your pharmacy and other healthcare providers of the medications you are taking and any changes in your overall health, you should also advise your periodontist of any changes in your overall health.

Signs of Gum Disease

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Even in the late phases of the disease, gum disease may progress without causing any discomfort or manifesting itself in only a few visible indicators. Even though the symptoms of periodontal disease are often mild, the ailment does not come without signs and symptoms. Signs and symptoms may indicate the presence of a specific kind of disease. Gum disease manifests itself in the following ways:

  • Bleeding gums while brushing your teeth and after brushing your teeth
  • Deep pockets between the teeth and the gums might develop
  • Teeth that are dislodged or moving
  • Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth that lingers for a long time
  • Gums that are receding or moving away from the crown of your teeth
  • Changes in the way teeth fit together when you bite down or changes in the fit of partial dentures are all possible.
  • Gums that are red and swollen. Gums that are in good health should be pink and firm.

If you have gum disease but don’t notice any symptoms, you may still be suffering from it to some extent. Gum disease may affect only a few teeth in some people, such as the molars. In other patients, gum diseases may cause damage to all teeth. Only a dentist or a periodontist can recognise and track the evolution of periodontal disease.

Consequences of Untreated Gum Disease

Gingivitis, if left untreated, will progress to periodontitis, which is a more severe stage of gum disease. The infection and pockets worsen as they eat away at your jawbone, causing your teeth to become loose and fall out as a result. The progression of gum disease causes the gums to recede or detach from the teeth and the jaw bone, resulting in the formation of periodontal pockets. This might result in alterations in the bite and discomfort when chewing or biting.

Gum disease can increase your risk of developing various other health complications, such as stroke, diabetes, and heart disease, among other things. The presence of gum disease has even been linked to complications during pregnancy and dementia.

Can You Get Dental Implants with Gum Disease?

Periodontitis will result in tooth loss and bone loss around the teeth, as well as foul breath and abscesses. Your mouth must be in good health to be a candidate for dental implants. You will not be eligible to have dental implants if you have active gum disease at the time.

Therefore, before getting dental implants, your dentist must completely treat your gum disease. All other oral diseases must also be checked to make sure that you are in good condition.

Can You Get Invisalign with Gum Disease?

Many dentists are competent to treat gum disease and straighten teeth using Invisalign, which is a clear, removable aligner. As opposed to traditional braces, Invisalign is particularly well suited for use in conjunction with gum disease treatment. Because a dentist can only remove traditional braces, the patient cannot access particular parts of the teeth during treatment. Food that has become trapped can harden and harden into plaque, which can harden into tartar and finally infect your gums.

The fact that Invisalign aligners are removable means that they are significantly easier to clean and maintain than traditional braces. Take your Invisalign trays out of your mouth, brush and floss your teeth, wash the trays, and then replace them in your mouth. However, if you don’t practise good oral hygiene at home, your Invisalign aligners might become breeding grounds for bacteria over time.

Can You Undergo Teeth Whitening Treatment with Gum Disease?

Patients who have stabilised their gum disease can often benefit from tooth whitening procedures that are entirely safe. Most dentists, however, recommend that patients undergoing periodontal maintenance have their teeth whitened by a professional because their gums can be safely monitored throughout the operation.

Can You Get Veneers with Gum Disease?

If you have ugly, broken or discoloured teeth, veneers are a fantastic option. The good news is that once your gum disease has been successfully treated, you will be eligible for restorative dentistry procedures such as porcelain veneers.

Therefore, you also need to get your gum disease treated by your dentist before getting veneers.

Is Gum Disease Treatable?

During your regular cleanings and examinations, your dentist can assist you in detecting early signs of gingivitis. In most instances, gum disease can be treated at this point. However, if the illness has progressed to the point of periodontitis, it is no longer curable and can only be managed.

Treatment for Gum Disease

Treatment options for gum disease vary depending on the severity of the disease, previous treatment responses, and overall health.

Surgical Gum Disease Treatments 

  • Surgery to reduce flaps or pockets
    This technique lifts the gums and removes tartar. A broken bone is polished to reduce bacteria hiding places in some circumstances. The gums are then fitted snugly around the teeth. This treatment lowers the space between the gums and the tooth, reducing the growth of harmful bacteria and the risk of significant health issues linked with periodontal disease.
  • Grafts
    Using your bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone, this procedure replaces bone lost to gum disease. The grafts allow the bone to regrow, restoring tooth stability. Tissue engineering, a new technology, encourages your body to rebuild bone and tissue faster.

Non-Surgical Gum Disease Treatments

  • Dental cleaning services
    During a routine cleaning, your dentist or dental hygienist will remove plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line of all teeth. Your dentist may recommend more frequent dental cleanings if you have gum disease. Cleanings do not treat active gum disease. They are, nonetheless, a crucial preventive step.
  • Root planing and scaling
    Under local anaesthesia, plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line are scraped away (scaling), and rough places on the tooth root are smoothed (planing). Plaque-killing and gum-reattachment smoothing remove microorganisms from uneven surfaces. Your dentist or periodontist will use scaling and root planning to remove plaque and calculus (hardened plaque, also known as tartar) from under the gums.

How to Prevent Gum Disease

When proper plaque control is practised, gingivitis can be reversed, and gum disease can be prevented from worsening in nearly all cases. A professional cleaning at least twice a year, along with daily brushing and flossing, is required for effective plaque control. However, daily oral care will help keep your oral health to an optimum.

  • Floss daily.
    Cleaning between the teeth and under the gum line with floss removes food particles and plaque from the mouth. Please don’t wait until anything becomes trapped between your teeth before doing something about it. Flossing on a daily basis removes plaque from hard-to-reach areas where your toothbrush cannot reach. You can also experiment with interdental cleaners, picks, or tiny brushes that are designed to fit between your teeth and gums. To avoid damaging your gums, ask your dentist how to use them properly.
  • Brushing your teeth twice a day is recommended.
    Make use of a soft-bristled brush and fluoride toothpaste to clean your teeth. Your toothbrush should be replaced every three months or sooner if the bristles become frayed. Old, worn-out toothbrushes will not clean teeth as effectively. Plaque on the surfaces of the teeth that can be reached is removed by brushing them regularly.

  • Rinse your mouth out with mouthwash.
    Antibacterial mouthwash not only helps to prevent gingivitis but also helps to fight foul breath and plaque buildup. According to the American Dental Association, antibacterial rinses can help to eliminate germs that cause plaque and gum disease in the mouth. Inquire with your dentist about which mouthwash would be the most effective for you.

Gum Disease Treatment Cost Estimate

It is important to note that the severity of your ailment determines the cost of gum disease treatment. Depending on the national dental fee study results for 2020, a root scale and planning procedure in Australia can cost $981.

Who Treats Gum Disease?

A periodontist is a dental expert who specialises in the treatment of gum disease and the placement of dental implants. Periodontists are dentistry’s experts in the surgical installation of dental implants, and they are also known as “gum surgeons.”

For your regular dentist to refer you to a periodontist, there are two crucial considerations to bear in mind: Periodontists are regarded as the masters of both hard tissue (teeth and bones) and soft tissue (gums and soft tissues) in the dentistry profession.

Final Thoughts

Gingivitis is a condition in which bacteria in plaque accumulate on the teeth. When brushing your teeth, it causes the gums to become inflamed and prone to bleeding. If left untreated, it can lead to periodontitis, a more severe stage of gum disease. Brushing your teeth twice a day is recommended. Toothbrushes should be replaced every three months, or sooner if the bristles fray. Flossing removes plaque from hard-to-reach areas that can’t be reached with a toothbrush.

Peel Dental Studio can provide gum disease treatment to all patients with our state-of-the-art facilities. We are devoted to providing our patients with the most satisfactory level of care and service possible. Exceptional services will be provided to you by a team of highly trained specialists who will go above and beyond to meet your needs. Our staff of highly trained dentists will assist you in achieving your ideal smile.

For more information, don’t hesitate to contact us at 08 9535 4900 or come to our clinic located at 150 Pinjarra Road, Mandurah, WA 6210.

Disclaimer: Use At Your Own Risk :- The information on this website is for general information purposes only. Nothing on this site should be taken as advice for any individual case or situation. Any action you take upon the information on these blogs are strictly at your own risk. We will not be liable for any losses or damages in connection with the use of the information from these blogs.


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Peel Dental Studio

Dr. Bailey formerly served on the Australian Dental Association as President, Vice President Treasurer and Country Councillor. He was on the Australian Dental Association Federal Council and has always been keen to give back to the profession that has been his life. He has tutored student dentists at the Oral Health Centre in Perth.