The Truth About Gum Disease & How To Treat Them

We all know that regular brushing and flossing your teeth is an excellent way to take care of your oral health. However, dental checkups and professional cleaning are still essential to ensure that you are not at risk of developing gum disease.

Signs of gum disease include bad breath, sensitive teeth, swollen gums, and loose teeth. Healthy gums should be light pink and do not bleed while lightly brushing the teeth. If you see dark pink or red gums, schedule an appointment with Peel Dental Studio. We will assess your oral health and treat your gum problems with high-quality care to prevent the condition from progressing severely. Without treatment, you might risk losing your tooth.

Continue reading this blog post if you want to learn more about gum disease. We’ll talk about all the information about gum disease, especially how to treat it.

What is Gum Disease

Periodontitis and gingivitis are the two stages of gum disease.

Gingivitis is a mild type stage of gum disease in which bacteria accumulate on the teeth and cause gum irritation. Plaque bacteria are responsible for the early stages of gingivitis, creating inflammation and bleeding gums during teeth brushing. In most gingivitis instances, the teeth still remain firmly anchored in their sockets since no irreversible bone or tissue damage has occurred.

On the other hand, periodontitis is the outcome of chronic or untreated gingivitis. It is a severe form of gum disease in which the inner layer of the gum and bone pulls away from the teeth, resulting in pockets. These spaces between teeth and gums collect bacteria-filled plaque and food debris, infecting the bone that supports the tooth.

Can Gum Disease Be Treated?

Yes, during your regular dental cleanings and examinations, a dental professional can assist you in detecting early signs of gingivitis. If you have a risk of gum disease, you must be treated instantly. However, if you already have severe gum disease to the point of periodontitis, major management such as gum surgery may be recommended.

How is Gum Disease Treated?

how is gum disease treated

When it comes to minor dental disease, your dentist may prescribe that you undergo tooth cleaning methods. This is a non-surgical treatment wherein your dentist will remove the sticky film from your teeth and check for a deep pocket to properly assess the condition of your gums. Scaling and root planing are two terms used to describe deep cleaning. When it comes to teeth cleaning, scaling and root planing are two different processes. Scaling removes plaque and tartar from the teeth’ surface and the gum pockets. On the other hand, root planing removes plaque and tartar from the roots’ surface. 

The alternative is that if your gingivitis is severe, mainly if it has resulted in gum or bone tissue loss, you may require surgery. Periodontists can perform gum surgery in a variety of ways, including the following:

Pocket Reduction Surgery or Flap Surgery

When the gums are pulled back, the dental plaque is scraped off their surfaces. The gums must be positioned so that the soft tissue fits around the tooth throughout the dental procedure. In this procedure, the space between the gum and the tooth was reduced to avoid a place for harmful bacteria to flourish.

Bone Surgery

Following the flap surgery, the bone surrounding your teeth will be altered to reduce the craters in your mouth. This technique is done to minimize the appearance of shallow craters in the bone caused by moderate to advanced bone loss.

Guided Tissue Regeneration. 

When the bone that supports your teeth has been removed, this technique is done to regenerate bone and gum tissue. A thin piece of mesh-like cloth is put between the bone and gum tissue in conjunction with flap surgery. This prevents the gum tissue from developing into the area where the bone should be, allowing the bone and connective tissue to regenerate and support the teeth more effectively.

Bone Graft

Bone grafting replaces the bone damaged by gum disease using healthy bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone. The grafts act as a scaffold for bone regrowth, stabilizing the teeth. Tissue engineering, a new technology, stimulates your body’s natural ability to rebuild bone and tissue at an accelerated rate.

Soft Tissue Grafts

This technique repairs weakened gums or fill up receding gum lines. Grafted tissue is sewn into place, most frequently from the roof of the mouth, to augment the afflicted area with tissue.

Who Treats Gum Disease

who treats gum disease

You should see a general dentist as soon as you notice a gum infection. Once you’ve been diagnosed with a gum infection, you’ll have a variety of gum disease treatment choices to choose from, depending on the severity of the illness. 

Your dentist can detect early signs of gingivitis. In most cases, gum disease can be treated at this time. However, once the issue has progressed to the point of periodontitis, surgery might be done by periodontists. Periodontists are the ones who specialize in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease. Usually, a periodontist is the one who sees more complicated and complex cases that require a specialist rather than having the patient see a general dentist.

Gingivitis vs Periodontitis


When it comes to gum inflammation, gingivitis is a term used to describe the condition caused by an accumulation of dental plaque on the teeth. Because the signs of gingivitis are not always painful, it is common for people to be unaware that they have the condition. Gums that bleed easily when brushed or flossed, swollen gums, or bright red gums are all symptoms of gingivitis. No permanent bone or tissue damage has occurred in this stage, so the teeth remain firmly fixed in their sockets.


After some time, gingivitis can proceed to periodontitis, a more severe form of periodontal disease. As the gums become inflamed and recede, they begin to peel away from the teeth, forming pockets where germs can collect and thrive. People usually become aware that they have periodontitis when they suffer increased sensitivity to hot and cold, pain when chewing, gum recession, ulcers on the inside of their mouth, and tooth or bone loss. The signs and symptoms might already be worsened in this stage. That’s why it’s important to have dental checkups regularly to avoid this condition.

What Causes Gum Disease?

The most common cause of gingivitis is the buildup of bacterial plaque around your teeth caused by bacteria. Plaque causes the immune system to get activated, destroying gingival tissue. Gum disease can be exacerbated by a variety of reasons, such as the following:


The dental history of your family may impact your dental problems. The bacterium that causes gum disease is more widespread in children whose parents suffer from the condition. Furthermore, the oral hygiene practices of parents are also usually adopted by their children. 

Tobacco use 

Cigarette smoking is one of the common risk factors for gum disease. When someone smokes, there isn’t enough oxygen in the bloodstream, making the gums more susceptible to bacterial infection. Also, gum infections are challenging to treat because gums that have been damaged by smoking do not heal as quickly as healthy gums.


Several medications have been linked to dry mouth and even gingival overgrowth, which causes the gum tissue to bulge and spread over the teeth as a side effect. This side effect can be caused by some drugs, including phenytoin, cyclosporine, and blood pressure medications.


Without adequate nutrition, your immune system will struggle to combat periodontal infection, increasing your risk of developing gum disease. In addition, a lack of vitamins and minerals may increase the likelihood of gum infection due to bacterial infection. A healthy diet is a significant factor in having good oral health.

How to Prevent Gum Disease

You may prevent gum disease by practising good oral hygiene at home and visiting your dentist for routine cleanings. Brush your teeth regularly with a soft toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste, floss daily, and rinse your mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash to maintain proper oral hygiene. 

During your dental appointment, your dentist will do an examination and cleaning that will aid in recognizing and treating early signs of gingivitis. Proper oral care and recommendation for regular cleanings must be thoroughly discussed by your dentist. It is critical to emphasize that good dental hygiene prevents gingivitis from progressing to periodontitis. 

Can Gum Disease Recur After Treatment

Gum disease might recur as quickly as two to four months after you have completed your treatment. It is for this reason that your dentist recommends maintenance therapy. You will need to have your teeth checked regularly for plaque accumulation and other hidden concerns following your treatment. This may take several months after your treatment.

Is Gum Disease Associated with other Health Problems

Extreme gum inflammation has been shown to have an effect on the bloodstream, and it is thought to be responsible for the slow damage of blood vessels in the heart and brain over an extended period of time. As a result, gum disease may increase your chances of acquiring various other health problems, including stroke, diabetes, and heart disease, among others. According to some research, the existence of gum disease has even been related to difficulties during pregnancy and dementia.

Who Is At Risk for Gum Disease

Specific individuals are at a higher risk of getting gum disease than others due to their habits, lifestyle, circumstances, or conditions. 

Here are some people who are predisposed to gum disease.


Smokers are more likely to have bacterial plaque on their teeth, which contributes to the development of periodontal disease. The gums become susceptible to infection due to the lack of oxygen in the bloodstream produced by smoking. Cigarette smoking can have a detrimental effect on the immune system, eventually damaging the tooth’s supporting tissues.

Women with Hormonal Changes

Women are more susceptible to developing periodontal disease during certain stages of their life. Estrogen and progesterone enhance blood flow to the gums, increasing gum sensitivity. Therefore, women with high hormone levels are more sensitive to plaque and bacteria around their gums. As a result, your gums may become inflamed, swollen, and bleeding.

Obese Patients

According to many studies, the connection between obesity and periodontal disease is the prevalence of lifestyle markers. People who are overweight and obese eat have a medical history of eating unhealthy foods such as junk foods, fatty foods, and sugary beverages. These kinds of foods make them susceptible to gum disease. 

Patients Under Medication

Gum disease is frequently an unintended consequence of certain drugs. Several medicines can cause gum tissue to thicken and form over the teeth. This is referred to as gingival hyperplasia. Epilepsy medications, cyclosporin, certain blood pressure medications, and calcium channel blockers can cause gingival hyperplasia.

Final Thoughts

If you are not properly taking care of your oral health, you are more prone to acquire the periodontal disease, resulting in a variety of complications. If you believe you may be at risk for gum disease, schedule a dental examination at Peel Dental Studio.

Peel Dental Studio is a dental clinic that provides nonsurgical and surgical gum disease treatments while giving appropriate care and comfort to all patients. Our dental practice has extensive experience in treating all types of gum disease. We have a team of highly qualified staff who will provide you with adequate dental care, going above and beyond to satisfy your needs. Our number priority is your dental health.

Don’t ignore the warning signs in your oral health. Contact us immediately at 08 9535 4900 or visit our clinic at 150 Pinjarra Road, Mandurah, WA 6210.

Disclaimer: Use At Your Own Risk:- The information on this website is for general information purposes only. Nothing on this site should be taken as advice for any individual case or situation. Any action you take upon the information on these blogs is strictly at your own risk. We will not be liable for any losses or damages in connection with the use of the information from these blogs.

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Peel Dental Studio

Dr. Bailey formerly served on the Australian Dental Association as President, Vice President Treasurer and Country Councillor. He was on the Australian Dental Association Federal Council and has always been keen to give back to the profession that has been his life. He has tutored student dentists at the Oral Health Centre in Perth.